history of Pennsylvania/ Philadelphia
was founded by William Penn, a Quaker by faith.
and the Quakers
official religion of England at this time was the Church of England.
However, some people wanted to join other Christian churches, such as
the Puritans and the Quakers. These other churches were considered
illegal and people could be put in jail for joining them.
Quakers believed that there shouldn't be any religious rituals or
sacraments. They also refused to fight in any war, believed in
religious freedom for all, and were against slavery.
the conditions for Quakers getting worse in England, Penn came up
with a plan. He went to the king and proposed that the Quakers should
leave England and have their own colony in the Americas. The king
liked the idea and gave Penn a charter for a large tract of land in
North America. At first the land was called Sylvania, which means
"woods", but it was later named Pennsylvania in
honor of William Penn's father.
Penn envisioned Pennsylvania to not only be a Quaker land, but also a
free land. He wanted freedom for all religions and a safe place for
persecuted minorities to live. He also wanted peace with the Native
Americans and hoped they could live together as "neighbors and
friends." Penn purchased the land from the Indians as opposed to
adopted a constitution called the Frame
The government had a parliament that consisted of two houses of
leaders. These houses were to impose fair taxes and to protect the
rights of private property. The constitution guaranteed the freedom
of worship. Penn's constitution was considered a historical step
democracy in America.
1682, William Penn and around one hundred Quaker settlers arrived in
Pennsylvania. They established the city of Philadelphia. Penn had
designed the city which had streets laid out in a grid. The city and
the colony was a success. Led by Penn, the new government protected
the rights of the citizens and maintained peace with the local Native
Americans. By 1684, there were around 4,000 people living in the
named the city Philadelphia,
which is Greek for "brotherly love," derived from the
Ancient Greek terms phílos (beloved, dear) and adelphós (brother,
brotherly). ... As a Quaker, Penn had experienced religious
persecution and wanted his colony to be a place where anyone could